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979-0-57036-445-9 Hortus Musicae, Book 1 – Performing score Available at MusicRoom Buy now (£10.95)


Commissioned by Ian Ritchie for the 2013 City of London Festival with funds provided by the John S. Cohen Foundation. The first performance was given by Clare Hammond on 24th June 2013 at the church of St Mary le Bow.

The title, less ‘literal’ in Latin than in the vernacular, refers to the idea of an allegorical/metaphysical garden (reference to a ‘real’, or existing, garden might be implied by Hortus Musicus) with various facets. The titles of the individual pieces/movements, with their respective garden image, are as follows:

1). HORTUS SOMNIORUM: a fleeting vision of a ‘magical’ garden

2). HORTUS TEMPORIS: a reflection of/on the floral clock described by Andrew Marvell (1621‐1678) in his [metaphysical] poem The Garden:

How well the skilful gardener drew
Of flowers and herbs this dial new,
Where from above the milder sun
Does through a fragrant zodiac run;
And, as it works, the industrious bee
Computes its time as well as we.
How could such sweet and wholesome hours
Be reckoned but with herbs and flowers!

3). HORTUS CANTUS: a garden in which nature ‘sings’ (praises) , in the manner of a ‘chorale prelude’ and ending with the cantus firmus transformed into bells.

4). HORTUS INFINITATIS: a meditative/formal garden representing Time suspended, in the form of a palindromic prolation canon combined with an harmonic ground (chaconne).

5). SALTATIO HORTENSIS: a (summer) garden of dancing, celebratory nature. Its essence (and that of the entire cycle, both metaphorically and structurally/formally) is summed up in words spoken by Miranda in WH Auden’s 1944 Tempest [Shakespeare]‐inspired poem The Sea and the Mirror:

So, to remember our changing garden, we
Are linked as children in a circle dancing.


15 minutes

Clare Hammond, Church of St Mary le Bow, 24th June 2013

1 Piano
Composition date


Robert SAXTON: PIANO MUSIC Claire Hammond 1st March 2018


20 October 2021 Visiting Artist Series, New College, Holywell Street, Oxford, OX1 3BN

Joseph Crane (piano) plays Hortus Musicae Book 1, No. 3

7 August 2021 Dorset

Joseph Crane (piano) plays Hortus Musicae, Book 1, No. 3

5 January 2015 Purcell Room, South Bank, London Susannah Fairbairn (soprano) and Matthew Schellhorn (piano), Imma Setiadi (solo piano); Maxwell Quartet, Gamal Khamis (solo piano)
11 November 2014 St Martin-in-the-Fields, London Gamal Khamis, piano
20 November 2013

Michael Tippett Centre, Bath Spa University

Clare Hammond (piano)

12 November 2013

Holywell Music Room, Oxford

Clare Hammond (piano)

2 October 2013

Performance Space, City University, St John Street, London

Clare Hammond (piano)

24 June 2013

St Mary-le-Bow

Clare Hammond (piano)